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Islam: God's Message of Guidance to Humanity

By Hassan Ali El-Najjar

Table of Contents  

I. Introduction: Basic Information   

1. Islam: A Brief Introduction    

2. Three Levels of Faith: Islam, Iman, and Ihsan    

3. The Scientific Evidence That God Exists and the Holy Qur'an Is His Message to Humanity    

4. Creation and Evolution in the Holy Qur'an   

5. Humans, As God's Caliphs on Earth   

6. Adam's Contest With the Angels, and Getting Out of Paradise  

7. Worshippers By Choice Or Forced Slaves?    

8. The Relationship Between the Spiritual and the Physical Aspects of Islamic Teachings   

9. Mind, Self, Soul, Spirit, and Happiness from an Islamic Perspective 

10. Heart-Mind Relationship in the Holy Qur'an    

II. Islam: The Five Pillars of the Faith Structure  

1. Islamic Proclamation of Faith 

2. Performing Islamic Prayers 

3. Giving Zakat, Charity, The Third Islamic Duty 

4. Fasting and Ramadhan, Great Gifts from Allah to Muslims 

5. Haj, Pilgrimage, the Fifth Pillar of Islam 

III. Iman: Allah, His Angels, Messengers, Messages, Latter Day, and Qadar  

1. Allah, As He Described Himself in the Holy Quran    

2. Angels  

3. Noo'h, Noah, in the Holy Quran     

4. Ibrahim, Abraham, in the Holy Quran

5. Moussa, Moses, in the Holy Quran  

6. 'Eissa, Jesus Christ, in the Holy Quran    

7. Muhammed in the Holy Quran   

8. Prophet Muhammed's Night Journey and Ascent to Heavens, Al-Issra Wal Mi'raj  

9. Latter Day (Day of Resurrection)  

10. Qada and Qadar: God's Foreknowledge and His Decree  

IV. I'hsan: Watching Allah in What We Say and What We Do  

1. Introduction to Islamic Law, Shari'a, Part I, Prohibition, Don't Do, and Do Commands in the Holy Quran

2. The La (No) Commands  

3. The Imperative Commands  

***

Articles with Islamic Perspective:

Health Care Crisis in the US: An Islamic Perspective

"Terrorism" & "Islamo-Fascism" Propaganda Campaigns: An Interactive Lecture

Six Questions About Islam, Muslims and Jews

Five Islamic Issues: Predestination and choice, position toward other religions, angels, and the End of Days

Food Islamic Rules and Teachings
 

Are Muslim women second-class citizens  

The French Ban on Islamic Headscarf, an Interview with

Links to Islamic Topics 2007-2010

Links to Islamic Topics 2007

Links to Islamic topics 2006

Links to Islamic topics 2005

Links to Islamic topics 2004

Links to Islamic topics, 2003

2002 Links to Islamic topics

 

 

Islam:

God's Message of Guidance to Humanity

I. 10

Heart-Mind Relationship in the Holy Quran

***

By Hassan Ali El-Najjar

29th of Muharram, 1429 (February 7, 2008)

Final revision was on 24th of Rabi' Al-Thani, 1438 - 22nd of January 2017

***

 

ٰ  

 

I seek refuge with God from the Stoned Shaytan

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 

Introduction 

The Holy Quran refers to the heart as a processor of information, particularly concerning emotions. This reference to the heart as such attracts attention to the relationship between the mind and the heart in humans. 

This Chapter starts by listing down the verses that deal with the heart and explaining them, in order to shed some light on the mind-heart connection. Then, few academic articles about the subject will be reviewed in order to explore this relationship further, from a scientific perspective. 

Verses mentioning the heart in the Holy Quran 

The word "heart" is mentioned in the Holy Quran 133 times, 20 times as a singular noun, once in dual form, and 112 in plural form. [1]  Here are some of them:

   ۖ  ( 3: 159).

If you were severe (rude) or harsh-hearted (in treating them), they would have left you. So, pardon them, ask (Allah) to forgive them, and consult them in the affairs (of the community). (Al-E-Imran, 3: 159).

  ۡ ٱ ۡ۬ ۬  ( 26: 89).

Except he, who came to Allah with a sound heart ( Al-Shuara, 26: 89) 

ۡ ٱٰۡ ٱۡۡ ٓ ۡ۬   ( 50: 33).

Who feared the unseen Al-Rahman (The Merciful), and came with a repentant heart  (Qaf, 50: 33) 

ۡ ٱ ٰ ۡۦ ٱۡ  ( 2: 204).

... and he calls Allah to witness about what is in his heart; yet he is the most contentious of enemies  (Al-Baqara, 2: 204) 

ۡ ٱٰۚ ڪۡۡ  ۥۤ ۬ ۡ  ( 2: 283). 

Do not conceal the testimony. And whoever conceals it his heart is sinning. (Al-Baqara, 2: 283) 

ۡ ۥ ۡٮٕۢ ٱٰۡ  ( 16: 106).

 ... and his heart assured by faith (Al-Nahl, 16: 106). 

ۡ ٱ ۡۦ ۬  ( 33: 32). 

... lest the one in whose heart there is sickness should aspire (to you). (Al-Ahzab, 33: 32) 

ۡۢ ٱ ۡ ۡ  ( 64: 11). 

... and whoever believes in Allah, (Allah) guides his heart  (Al-Taghabun, 64: 11) 

ۡ ۡۖ ٰ ٰ ۡٮٕ ۡ  ( 2: 260).

He (Allah) said: Havent you believed yet? He (Ibrahim) said: Yes, but for my heart to be assured  (Al-Baqara, 2: 260) 

ٱ ۬ ۡۡ ۡۦۚ  ( 33: 4).

Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his chest  (Al-Ahzab, 33: 4) 

ۡ ٱ ٱۡ  ( 3: 151).

We shall cast great fear into the hearts of the nonbelievers (Al-E-Imran, 3: 151) 

ٱ ۡٮٕ ۡ ٱۗ ڪۡ ٱ ۡٮٕ ٱۡ  ( 13: 28).

Those who believe, and whose hearts find assurance (and peace) in the remembrance of Allah. For, in the remembrance of Allah, hearts find assurance (and peace)  (Al-Raad, 13: 28) 

ٰ ۡ ٰٓٮٕ ٱ ۡ ٱۡ  ( 22: 32).

Thus, and whoever glorifies the rituals of Allah, it is (a sign) of piety of hearts  (Al-Hajj, 22: 32) 

ۡ ٱۡۡ ۡ ۬ ۡ ٓ ۡ ۬ ۡ ǝۖ ۡ ٱٰۡۡ ٰ ۡ ٱۡ ٱ ٱ  ( 22: 32).

Have they not traveled throughout the Earth, with hearts to reason with, and ears to hear with? Truly it is not the eyes that become blind, but do the hearts which are in the chests (Al-Hajj, 22: 46).

 

Meanings associated with the heart, according to the above verses 

The above verses provide us with a number of meanings associated with the heart. These include severity and harshness in dealing with people, soundness, repentance, rivalry, sinfulness, faith, sickness and trouble, guidance, assurance and peace, love, fear, thankfulness for positive surroundings, and reasoning. 

Basically, the heart reacts notably to issues related to goodness and wickedness.

 

Exploring the relationship between the heart and the mind 

The relationship between the heart and the mind has been explored in many articles or works, as readers can find on the internet. Here is some information from few of them, but by no means, this is a survey or a review of the literature. The idea here is conveying to readers that the relationship between the heart and the mind has been studied and researched away from any references to the Holy Quran. 

Rayl (2016) mentions that there is a two-way biological superhighway, connecting emotions (which is a mental function) and the heart. Chronic stress and events with certain emotional themes can kick off an inflammatory process that leads people to both depression and cardiovascular disease. On the other hand, inflammation can start with heart disease, which then causes stress and eventually depression. Thus, the heart will be affected by traumatic mental incidents, such as in the case of  a person who is quick to anger and fast to explode. [2]

Martin (2006) mentioned that he and his team spent the last 15 years studying the heart physically, emotionally and spiritually. The mapped the communication pathways between the heart, the brain, and the rest of body. They learned that the heart is the master controller in the human system. It is capable of sending powerful, healing commands throughout the entire body. These commands from the heart have a dynamic impact on the nervous, hormonal, and immune systems. Moreover, they also found that these commands influence brain function and have the ability to improve cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, and psychological problems. [3]

Shah and others (2003) mention that there is a relationship between emotions and psyche (mind) on one side and heart disease on the other. There is evidence linking cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric disorders and the possible mechanisms and pathophysiology of this association. There is also a possible role of using mood enhancing therapies (mainly antidepressants) and their safety in patients with cardiovascular disorders. [4]

 Shah et al (2003 - 2) also mention that there is a plausible biological basis for the association between psychiatric morbidity (mind) and cardiovascular (heart) disease. Anxiety, panic disorder, and depression are common in patients with coronary heart disease and hypertension. [5]

 

Conclusion 

There is a very close and interactive relationship between the mind and the heart, particularly regarding the issues of emotions as well as issues related to making choices (including those about good and evil). 

People with optimistic and good life style enjoy peace of the mind and calmness of the heart. However, pessimism and wrong doing may be associated with mental and cardiac disorders. 

Thus, basic good characteristics of love, appreciation, care, tolerance, sharing, understanding, helping others, and observing Gods teachings not only are rewarded in the hereafter but they also bring peace of the mind and soundness of the heart during a person's life on Earth, making his/her life better and more enjoyable. 

The healing signals from the heart, which have a dynamic impact on the nervous, hormonal, and immune systems, give evidence that the heart not only reasons but makes decisions and acts for the welfare and wellbeing of the body.

Thus, the heart can be described as a part of the brain, but located in the chest because of its size and for the suitability of its other functions.

 ========================================================================================================================

Notes

[1] The mentioned numbers of verses containing specific words are based on the search function of the Holy Quran in Arabic, at www.tanzil.net.
 
The other source the author used for this purpose was "The Holy Quran Index," in Arabic, by Muhammed Fuad Abdul Baqi. Cairo: Dar Al-Fikr. 1406 (1986). The Arabic Title is: Al-Muajam Al-Mufahras Li Alfadh Al-Quran Al-Kareem.

The Arabic texts of the Holy Quran verses in this Chapter were taken from www.quranexplorer.com.

[2] Rayl, A. G. S. 2016. "The High Price of a Broken Heart." Psychology Today (June 9).  

https://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/200707/the-high-price-broken-heart


[3]
Martin, Howard. 2006. "Understanding the Relationship 
Between Heart, Mind & Body." In Light Times, (March).

http://www.inlightimes.com/old_site/archives/2006/03/heart-body-mind.htm

[4] Shah, S U, A White, S White, W A Littler. 2003. "Heart and mind: (1) relationship between cardiovascular and psychiatric conditions." Post Graduate Medical Journal, Volume 80, Issue 950.  ttp://pmj.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/80/950/683

[5]
Shah, S U,  Z Iqbal, A White, S White. 2003. "
Heart and mind: (2) psychotropic and cardiovascular therapeutics." Post Graduate Medical Journal, Volume 81, Issue 951.  

http://pmj.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/81/951/33

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About the Author and the Book:

* The author of this book has a Ph.D. in Sociology and a Masters degree in Cultural Anthropology. He was born in Gaza, Palestine in 1369 Hijriya (1950) but he has been living in the United States since 1986.
 
This work is solely devoted for the sake of Allah, to educate people about Islam, in response to a great demand to know about the final message of God to humanity.
 
The authentic Quran Arabic text is used as a reference for the translation of the meanings of the Quran verses, particularly from www.tanzil.net
.

The works of the three renowned Islamic scholars Al-Tabari, Al-Qurtubi, and Ibn Katheer, have been used throughout the chapters of this book, as these are the most credited interpretations of the Holy Quran, for their use of 'Hadith, companions' interpretations, and their thorough knowledge of the Arabic language.
 
May Allah, praise to Him, enlighten the hearts and minds of all who read this book, and guide them to the right path.
 
May Allah, praise to Him, accept this effort, as a contribution to spreading His light among the people of this Earth.

  ( 61: 8).  

They want to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah will perfect His light, although the disbelievers dislike it (Al-Saff, 61: 8). 

 

Opinions expressed in various sections are the sole responsibility of their authors and they may not represent Al-Jazeerah's.

editor@aljazeerah.info