Mission & Name
US Foreign Policy (Dr. El-Najjar's Articles)
Israeli Nuclear Arsenal and Reigniting NPT
By Eileen Fleming
Al-Jazeerah, ccun.org, May 3, 2010
The NPT/Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, was created in 1968, and
maintains that nuclear weapons proliferation can only be curtailed if
nuclear countries move toward disarmament.
The purpose of the NPT
Review, which happens every five years, is to reaffirm the signatories'
commitments to the treaty's three purposes: disarmament, nonproliferation,
and peaceful use of nuclear energy.
Countries without nuclear
weapons that signed the NPT, such as Iran, were promised full support in
developing other nuclear technologies in exchange for renouncing nuclear
weapons. The five nuclear powers that signed the NPT agreed to get rid of
their nuclear weapons.
On March 28, 2005, Former President Jimmy
Carter, wrote for the Washington Post, "While claiming to be protecting
the world from proliferation threats in Iraq, Libya, Iran and North Korea,
American leaders not only have abandoned existing treaty restraints but
also have asserted plans to test and develop new weapons."
5, 2005, Kennedy-era Defense Secretary Robert McNamara said, “I would
characterize current U.S. nuclear weapons policy as immoral, illegal,
militarily unnecessary and dreadfully dangerous.” 
29, 2010, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said she did not see
Iran's purpose in attending the NPT conference, because their violations
since signing the NPT are "absolutely
Speaking at the American Jewish Committee gala
dinner in Washington, Clinton called the threat
Iran posed to Israel as "real" and "growing".
month’s two-day conference on nuclear disarmament hosted in Tehran and
attended by representatives of 60 countries, Iran's Supreme Leader
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei issued a statement declaring nuclear weaponry as "haram"
meaning prohibited under Islam. Iran says it enriches uranium for civilian
applications and that as a signatory to the nuclear Non-Proliferation
Treaty, it has a right to the technology already in the hands of many
In D. C. Clinton opined, "Iran, with its anti-Semitic
president and hostile nuclear ambitions, also continues to threaten
Israel, but it also threatens the region and it sponsors terrorism against
many…At every turn, Iran has met our outstretched hand with a clenched
fist. But our engagement has helped build a growing global consensus on
the need to pressure Iran’s leaders to change course. We are now working
with our partners at the United Nations to craft tough new sanctions."
Professor Virginia Tilley, explained that in his October 2005
speech, Mr. Ahmadinejad never used the word "map" or the term "wiped off".
According to Farsi-language experts like Juan Cole and even right-wing
services like MEMRI, what he actually said was "this regime that is
occupying Jerusalem must vanish from the page of time.
speech to an annual anti-Zionist conference, Mr. Ahmadinejad was being
prophetic, not threatening. He was citing Imam Khomeini, who said this
line in the 1980s (a period when Israel was actually selling arms to Iran,
so apparently it was not viewed as so ghastly then). Mr. Ahmadinejad had
just reminded his audience that the Shah's regime, the Soviet Union, and
Saddam Hussein had all seemed enormously powerful and immovable, yet the
first two had vanished almost beyond recall and the third now languished
in prison. So, too, the ‘occupying regime’ in Jerusalem would someday be
gone. His message was, in essence, ‘This too shall pass.’” 
April 2010, several diplomats told Reuters that Egypt made it clear that
it sees Israel as a higher priority than Iran and threatened to prevent
the NPT conference from reaching any agreements if it does not get what it
wants vis-à-vis Israel.
Egyptian initiatives at NPT meetings are
nothing new, but this year they have issued a paper calling for an
international treaty conference by 2011 to launch negotiations between all
states of the Middle East, regarding an internationally and effectively
verifiable treaty for the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in
the Middle East.
At the 1995 NPT conference, member states
unanimously supported a resolution backing the idea of "a Middle East zone
free of nuclear weapons as well as other weapons of mass destruction."
The preamble to the NPT calls on nuclear weapons states “to
facilitate the cessation of the manufacture of nuclear weapons, the
liquidation of all their existing stockpiles, and the elimination from
national arsenals of nuclear weapons and the means of their delivery.”
Article VI of the NPT obliges signatories “to pursue negotiations in
good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms
race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament, and on a treaty on
general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international
The three undeclared nuclear powers- India, Pakistan
and Israel-have all refused to sign the NPT, and thus are ‘exempt’ from
In 1986, the world learned that
Israel had already developed between one hundred to two hundred atomic
bombs and had begun to develop neutron bombs and thermonuclear weapons,
after Mordechai Vanunu, a lowly tech in Israel’s 7-story underground
clandestine WMD facility, provided two rolls of photographic proof and his
testimony that was published by the London Sunday Times.
Israel has not
signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, has never opened its
facilities for IAEA inspections and thus far, President Obama
persists in another of President George W. Bush's policies.
April 24, 2004, Uri Avnery wrote after Vanunu was released from 18 years
in a windowless tomb sized cell to house arrest denied the right to leave
the state ever since, that "Everybody understands that [Vanunu] has no
more secrets. What can a technician know after 18 years in jail, during
which technology has advanced with giant steps?
"But gradually it
becomes clear what the security establishment is really afraid of. Vanunu
is in a position to expose the close partnership with the United States in
the development of Israel's nuclear armaments.
Washington so much, that the man responsible in the State Department for
'arms control', Under-Secretary John Bolton, has come to Israel in person
for the occasion. Vanunu, it appears, can cause severe damage to the
mighty super-power. The Americans, it seems, are very worried.
"The world must be prevented by all available means from hearing, from the
lips of a credible witness, that the Americans are full partners in
Israel's nuclear arms program, while pretending to be the world's sheriff
for the prevention of nuclear proliferation."
Fishere, Professor of international politics at the American University in
Cairo and a former advisor to the UN's Middle East envoy in Jerusalem,
“In the multilateral security talks that followed the 1991
Madrid Conference, Israel adamantly refused to discuss its nuclear program
unless conventional and unconventional threats of its neighbors were
addressed first (including those posed by Iran and Saddam's Iraq).
Conversely, Arab states insisted on including Israel's nuclear weapons in
the discussion before any security arrangement could be agreed. As a
result, the talks collapsed and were never revived in the years since.
“Had the US intervened 15 years ago and led Arab states and Israel
towards overcoming their tit-for-tat attitude, a Mideast security regime,
with confidence-building measures, safeguards and verification mechanisms,
would probably have emerged by now. Both the US and actors in the region
need to start a dialogue on all security concerns in the Middle East that
includes the nuclear issues. And they need to start this dialogue now, and
John Burroughs, the executive director of the
Lawyers’ Committee on Nuclear Policy, a nonprofit group concerned with
disarmament issues, has warned that America’s behavior poses a profound
threat to the NPT framework:
“The U.S. reliance on nuclear
weapons as a core element of its national security has always created
serious tension within the non-proliferation regime, because it reinforced
the double standard: Some countries can have nuclear weapons, others
But President Obama has also stated clearly and with
conviction that America is committed to seek the peace and security of a
world without nuclear weapons.
In 2009, in Prague he said, "As the
only nuclear power to have used a nuclear weapon, the United States has a
moral responsibility to act…Let us bridge our divisions, build upon our
hopes, and accept our responsibility to leave this world more prosperous
and more peaceful than we found it. Together we can do it…Words must mean
something [and] violence and injustice must be confronted by standing
together as free nations, as free people…[and] Human destiny will be what
we make of it.”
All things are connected and the security concerns
of America, Israel, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey, the
Gulf States, and the world are mutually dependent.
to pursue nuclear disarmament is enshrined in the NPT and human destiny
hinges upon those words meaning something.
Solidarity do "we have it in our power to begin the world again."-Tom Paine
A Feature Correspondent for
Author of "Keep Hope
Alive" and "Memoirs of a Nice Irish American 'Girl's' Life in Occupied
Producer "30 Minutes with Vanunu" and "13 Minutes with