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Muhammadu Buhari Wins Nigeria's Presidential Election

April 1, 2015 


Former Nigerian President, Jonathan Goodluck (left), and the new President-elect, Muhammadu Buhari, March, 2015  



Nigeria's Buhari wins historic election landslide

Arab News, April 1, 2015

ABUJA, Nigeria:

Former military dictator Muhammadu Buhari’s spokesman told The Associated Press on Tuesday that Buhari has won Nigeria’s presidential election but fears his victory could be stolen by “tricks” from the government.

If Buhari wins and President Goodluck Jonathan steps down, it would mark the first time in Nigeria’s history that an opposition party has democratically taken control of the country from the ruling party.

Results from 35 states and the small Federal Capital Territory amounting to some 28 million votes showed Buhari leading by 2 million votes. Buhari is expected to carry the sole remaining state, northeast Borno that is the birthplace of Boko Haram and has 1.4 million eligible voters.

Electoral officials broke off the count saying it would take up to two hours for Borno results to arrive.

Buhari crucially carried Lagos state, Nigeria’s commercial hub with the largest number of voters, according to results announced Tuesday though fewer than one third of voters participated.

“As for the election, we have won it!” Garba Shehu, Buhari’s spokesman, said outside the party’s headquarters that has been decked out with celebratory bunting for days.

But “We are not out of the woods yet, we don’t know what tricks the government is going to play.”

Streets in Abuja, the capital where the presidential villa is located, were deserted as people waited tensely for an announcement, fearful of violence.
By contrast in the north, were Buhari is almost revered, spontaneous celebrations sprang up in Kano, the nation’s second city, and Kaduna. Young men on motor scooters performed wheelies as hundreds of youths chanted: “Change! Change! Change!” and cars honked their horns in support. In Kano state, Buhari delivered a crushing defeat to Jonathan, winning 1.9 million votes for Jonathan’s 215,800.

Britain and the United States warned Monday of the possibility of political meddling in the final count. Jonathan’s campaign spokesman Femi Fani-Kayode said that was “absolute balderdash” and demanded evidence.

Garba said the opposition party’s agents at more than 150,000 polling stations across the country “tell us that we have won, but our victory is still threatened.” The winning candidate must take more than half of all votes and at least 25 percent of votes in two-thirds of the 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory at Abuja.
The austere and strict retired general, who says he is a convert to democracy, has promised that if he wins he will stamp out an insurgency in the north waged by Boko Haram, a homegrown Islamic extremist group that has killed thousands of people, many of them civilians, has kidnapped even young girls, and has pledged fealty to the so-called Islamic State.

Critics and supporters agree that Buhari is the one leader who did not treat the country’s treasury as a personal piggy bank. During his brief 1984-1985 dictatorship he rule with an iron fist, jailing people even for littering, and ordering civil servants who arrived late to work to do squats. He gagged the press and jailed journalists to cover up a deepening economic crisis as prices tumbled for the oil on which Nigeria’s economy depends. He eventually was overthrown by his own soldiers.
Nigeria’s 170 million people are divided almost equally between Christians mainly in the south and Muslims like Buhari who dominate the north. Buhari for the first time won states in the southwest and even took one third of votes in a southeastern state — an unprecedented development that some say reflects more of an anti-Jonathan than a pro-Buhari sentiment.

The vote counting in Abuja was disrupted Tuesday by a representative of Jonathan’s party who protested that the proceedings were partial to Buhari. “We have lost confidence in you. You are tribalistic! You are partial!” shouted former Cabinet minister Peter Godsday Orubebe to the chairman of the electoral commission counting the vote. The opposition has also complained that electoral officials are partisan. The count is being carried out in the presence of party representatives, national and international observers and media.

There have been delays in about a dozen states sending results to the counting center because of logistical challenges that had election material being delivered by air, road, speedboat, mules and camels, spokesman Kayode Idowu of the Independent National Electoral Commission told AP.

Buhari’s showing in his fourth bid to become president was boosted by the formation of a coalition of major opposition parties two years ago. Its choice of Buhari as a single candidate presented the first real opportunity in the history of Nigeria to oust a sitting president.

Buhari also was able to count on considerable voter dissatisfaction with the performance of Jonathan, who has been president since 2010.

“If indeed Buhari becomes president, it sends a clear message to the people in government that you cannot take the people of Nigeria for granted and that Nigerian democracy is maturing,” said journalist and political analyst Kadaria Ahmed.

She said Jonathan’s perceived insensitivity to the suffering of citizens caught up in the mayhem of Boko Haram’s uprising where some 10,000 people were killed last year and more than 1.5 million people have been driven from their homes.

The Nigerian military, with help from regional troops, forced Boko Haram out of areas the insurgent had taken in recent months as they formed their self-styled “caliphate.”

Because of decades of military dictatorship, this is only the eighth election since the country won independence from Britain in 1960, and the fifth since democracy was restored in 1999.


Buhari defeats Nigeria's Jonathan in historic election

France 24, 2015-04-01

Former military dictator Muhammadu Buhari defeated incumbent Goodluck Jonathan in Nigeria’s presidential poll by 2.57 million votes, the country's electoral commission said Wednesday, ending Jonathan’s rule of Africa’s most populous nation.

Three decades after seizing power in a military coup, Buhari became the first Nigerian to oust a president through the ballot box, putting him in charge of Africa’s biggest economy and one of its most turbulent democracies.

The Independent National Electoral Commission said the All Progressives Congress (APC) candidate won 15,424,921 votes, or 53.95 percent of the 28,587,564 total valid votes cast.

Jonathan, of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), won 12,853,162 (44.96 percent).

As the scale of this weekend’s electoral landslide became clear, Jonathan called Buhari on Tuesday to concede defeat to the opposition leader, an unprecedented step that should help to defuse anger among Jonathan’s supporters.

"President Jonathan called General Muhammadu Buhari, the winner of the elections, to congratulate him,” said APC spokesman Lai Mohammed.

The announcement followed more than 48 hours of results tallying after two days of voting over the weekend.

Jonathan’s quick concession could help alleviate fears of a repeat of post-election violence that saw 1,000 killed after Jonathan defeated Buhari in 2011.

“There had always been this fear that he might not want to concede but he will remain a hero for this move. The tension will go down dramatically,” Mohammed added.

“Anyone who tries to foment trouble on the account that they have lost the election will be doing so purely on his own.”

As vote counts rolled in and Buhari’s victory looked ever more assured, thousands of people spilled into the streets of northern Nigeria's biggest city Kano to celebrate.

A cavalcade of motorbikes and cars with their headlights on and horns blaring paraded through the streets of the ancient seat of learning and Nigeria's commercial hub, which is also one of Buhari’s biggest support bases.

Long road back

For Buhari, 72, it has been a long road back to the pinnacle of Nigerian politics. A former army general, Buhari overthrew president Shehu Shagari – widely seen as inept and corrupt – in a military coup in 1983. As the head of a military government in the 1980s, he earned a reputation for his tough stance against nepotism and fraud.

Since then he tried, and failed, to win election in three previous presidential votes since democracy was restored in Nigeria in 1999.

His last attempt in 2011 saw him lose to Jonathan in a comprehensive defeat, securing just 32 percent of the vote to Jonathan’s 59 percent.

But voter dissatisfaction with Jonathan – whose time in office has been marked by the rise of militant Islamist group Boko Haram and allegations of failing to tackle endemic corruption in the oil-rich country – meant the vote was expected to be a much closer contest.

As in previous campaigns, Buhari placed the fight against corruption at the heart of his political platform, a tactic that appears to have paid off with voters.

He also promised to stamp out Boko Haram’s insurgency in the north, which has claimed the lives of more than 13,000 people and left some 1.5 million homeless.

Buhari has also managed to bridge the traditional ethnic and religious fault lines of Nigerian politics – typically divided between the mainly Christian south and Muslim north.

As a Muslim from the north, Buhari for the first time won states in the southwest and even took one-third of votes in a southeastern state – an unprecedented development that some say reflects voter dissatisfaction with Jonathan more than it does enthusiasm for Buhari.

His task now will be to make good on his pre-election promises: namely tackling Boko Haram and fighting corruption.

Buhari will also need to show he is capable of steering Africa’s top economy during a difficult period due largely to the tumbling price of oil, which accounts for the vast majority of Nigeria's income.




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