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News, December 2013

 

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Editorial Note: The following news reports are summaries from original sources. They may also include corrections of Arabic names and political terminology. Comments are in parentheses.


Brazil to Purchase 36 Swedish Fighter Jets, worth $4.5 Billion, Rejecting Boeing Deal After US Spying

December 19, 2013



Brazil to Purchase 36 Fighter Jets from Sweden  

RIO DE JANEIRO, Dec. 18, 2013 (Xinhua) --

Brazilian authorities announced Wednesday it has decided to award a Swedish company a contract for the purchase of 36 fighter jets to modernize its air force fleet.

According to a source from Brazil's Air Force, the Brazilian government decided on Swedish company Saab's Gripen jets after inspecting the F/A-18 Super Hornet made by the U.S. aviation giant Boeing company and French Dassault's Rafale. The deal, worth 4.5 billion U.S. dollars, has been struck after negotiations of about some 10 years.

The negotiations with the U.S. were reportedly tense following revelations of U.S. spying on Brazil, while the Rafale jets were considered too expensive.

Defense Minister Celso Amorim said the Swedish company was given the contract based on a combination of factors concerning Gripen, including the fighter aircraft's performance, assurances of full technology transfer and overall costs.

Editor: An


Brazil chooses Swedish fighter jet in $4.5B deal

By BRADLEY BROOKS Associated Press 12:14 p.m., December 18, 2013

RIO DE JANEIRO (AP) Brazil's government said Wednesday that Sweden's Saab won a long-delayed fighter jet contract initially worth $4.5 billion that will supply at least 36 planes to Latin America's biggest nation.

The decision to buy the Saab jet over Boeing's F-18 Super Hornet or France's Dassault Rafale came as a surprise to many. Some analysts said Boeing's bid was hurt by reports that the U.S. conducted extensive spying in Brazil, including a direct targeting of President Dilma Rousseff's own communications.

Brazil wants the jets to ramp up its defense capabilities to patrol a porous land border that's more than 9,300 miles (15,000 kilometers) long, much of it covered by jungle, over which arms and drugs easily flow. Brazil also seeks better protection for offshore oil fields it has discovered in recent years.

Defense Minister Celso Amorim said the choice after some 15 years of debate was made following "careful study and consideration, taking into account performance, transfer of technology and cost, not just of acquisition but of maintenance."

Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt went on Twitter to call the decision "a tribute to Swedish technology and competitiveness."

Many had expected the choice to be between the Boeing and French planes. Former Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva had favored the Dassault Rafale, while Rousseff was said to favor the F-18.

Revelations six months ago that the U.S. National Security Agency's mammoth espionage program included widespread spying on Brazil was likely a factor in Saab being chosen, some analysts said. Brazilian anger over the spying led Rousseff to cancel a planned state visit to Washington in October.

"Dilma had been favoring the Boeing plane and a lot of people thought she would announce her decision during her state visit to Washington," said David Fleischer, a political scientist at the University of Brasilia. "Boeing was very close, but then the NSA booted them out of the air."

Carl Meacham, director of the Americas program at the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies, said the NSA stories made it politically impossible for Rousseff to go with Boeing and the decision will be another blow to U.S-Brazilian relations that already "are at a significant low."

Alexandre Barros, a political risk consultant with the Brasilia-based firm Early Warning, disagreed the NSA was a big factor. The Swedish jet was favored by Brazil's air force, according to an internal assessment leaked to the newspaper Folha de S.Paulo in 2010, and Barros said it was always going to win the competition.

He said many in the government long opposed Boeing because the company's bid was less flexible in terms of technology transfers than the two European plane makers and also because they were wary of becoming indebted to Washington.

"The Americans tend to think that if you buy arms from them you are automatically their allies," Barros said. "Brazil doesn't want that kind of link."

He said that as South America's main power, Brazil doesn't want to be in the position of being perceived as having to support American policies on the continent. Part of the draw of Saab's bid was that Sweden doesn't have any political clout in the region.





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