Al-Jazeerah: Cross-Cultural Understanding

News, September 2012


Al-Jazeerah History


Mission & Name  

Conflict Terminology  


Gaza Holocaust  

Gulf War  




News Photos  

Opinion Editorials

US Foreign Policy (Dr. El-Najjar's Articles)




Editorial Note: The following news reports are summaries from original sources. They may also include corrections of Arabic names and political terminology. Comments are in parentheses.


Moody's lowers EU credit rating outlook to negative,  Merkel appeals for European solidarity, rejects debt union

Merkel appeals for European solidarity, rejects "debt union"

BERLIN, Sept. 3, 2012 (Xinhua) --

German Chancellor Angela Merkel presented a passionate appeal for solidarity among eurozone nations countries in a speech on Monday, rejecting the notion of a "debt union."

Addressing crowds at the ongoing Gillamoos folk festival in the southern German province of Bavaria, Merkel said countries such as Greece, Portugal and Spain were going through a difficult period and "deserve our solidarity."

"We wish them to be able to overcome these difficulties," she said in her 30-minute speech to some 3,000 people in one of the beer tents at the festival.

CSU General Secretary Alexander Dobrindt, who accompanied Merkel on her appearance at the festival, recently triggered intense criticism when he said Greece leaving the eurozone was inevitable, even from within the ruling centre-right coalition.

Merkel reiterated that at this moment, Greece, Portugal and Spain would have to push forward with the implementation of their reform programs despite the difficulties.

The so-called "Iron Lady" said she was strongly against the pooling of sovereign debt in the eurozone, reaffirming "we want Europe in a stability union, not a debt union."

"The fact that Europe has experienced no wars during the past 67 years is something nobody should take for granted all over the world," Merkel said, lavishing praises on peace-promotion efforts during the process of European integration.

Merkel added that Europe must continue to cooperate by sticking together tightly.

"By no means could any single European nation pull it off alone," she said.

The festival in Abensberg coincides with the largest political extravaganza in Bavaria, after the so-called Political Ash Wednesday.

Editor: yan

Moody’s lowers EU credit rating outlook to ‘negative’

Moody’s downgraded the European Union’s long-term credit rating outlook to negative on Monday, warning that the bloc’s top-notch AAA rating was vulnerable to a deterioration in the "creditworthiness of its strongest key member states."

By News Wires (text)

France 24, September 4, 2012


Moody's on Monday lowered the European Union's long-term issuer rating outlook from stable to negative, saying the move reflected credit risks of the bloc's key budget contributors.

"It is reasonable to assume that the EU's creditworthiness should move in line with the creditworthiness of its strongest key member states," it said, citing negative outlooks for Britain, France, Germany and the Netherlands.

Despite Moody's pronouncement, the euro rose to a two-month high of $1.2618 in Asian trading Tuesday, compared with $1.2598 late Monday in London trade.

Dealers were keeping faith with the euro amid rising expectations that the European Central Bank (ECB) will on Thursday announce a round of sovereign bond purchases from struggling economies.

Investors also brushed off data that showed eurozone manufacturing activity contracted for a seventh straight month in August.

Moody's maintained the EU's triple-A rating, saying its "two key rationales" for assigning the bloc its highest rating remained unchanged: its "conservative budget management" and "the creditworthiness and support provided by its 27 member states."

Britain, France, Germany and the Netherlands -- which together account for about 45 percent of the EU's budget revenue, according to Moody's -- also maintain a AAA credit rating.

The agency, however, did not exclude the possibility of a future EU downgrade, saying in its statement that a "deterioration in the creditworthiness of EU member states" could prompt such a move.

"It is reasonable to assume the same probability of default by the EU on its debt obligations as the highest rated key members states' probability of default," Moody's said.

The agency said while there were "structural features in place that enhance the EU's creditworthiness," they were "not sufficient to delink the EU's ratings from the ratings of its strongest key member states."

"Additionally, a weakening of the commitment of the member states to the EU and changes to the EU's fiscal framework that led to less conservative budget management would be credit negative," it said.

Conversely, the bloc could regain a stable outlook for its ratings should the rating of the key triple-A budget contributors also return to stable, it added.

Moody's in July lowered the ratings outlook of Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to negative, saying the "level of uncertainty about the outlook for the euro area" was no longer consistent with stable outlooks for the countries.

France and Austria have been under a negative ratings outlook since February, and Britain was assigned the same status in December.

Greece is trying to renegotiate terms of its second bailout, while Spain is under pressure to also request bailout aid in coming after accepting help to recapitalize its broken banking system.

Struggling economies such as Spain, Italy and Portugal are desperate for help to push down their borrowing costs and hope they will receive some good news later in the week.

ECB chief Mario Draghi on Monday defended controversial measures to tame the eurozone debt crisis, including buying up government bonds.

Members of the European Parliament said Draghi, widely expected to announce further details on Thursday of how the ECB will ease the pressure on struggling eurozone states, told them that the central bank had a responsibility to intervene when necessary.

Draghi, who made no public comment, said that buying government bonds of up to 3-year maturities on the secondary market did not amount to bailing out spendthrift euro members -- a charge levelled by many German politicians.

FRANCE - SPAIN France's Hollande lets down austerity-weary Spain

EUROPE Portugal feels sting as EU creeps near recession

ECONOMY EU, eurozone economies shrink by 0.2% in 2nd quarter

Date created : 04/09/2012


Fair Use Notice

This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more information go to: If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.




Opinions expressed in various sections are the sole responsibility of their authors and they may not represent Al-Jazeerah & &