Al-Jazeerah: Cross-Cultural Understanding
News, November 2011
Algerian Parliament Passes a Law Giving Women 20-30 Percent Representation
November 3, 2011
Parliament law 'discriminatory' to women, say MPs
By News Wires (text)
France 24, November 3, 2011
The Algerian parliament on Thursday adopted an amended law reversing an initial bill that would have vastly improved female representation in politics, prompting criticism from female MPs.
Female MPs criticised a law adopted by Algeria's parliament Thursday that reverses an initial bill to vastly improve female representation in politics as "nationally and sexually discriminatory".
The original bill -- part of a series of parliamentary and electoral reforms promised by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika -- proposed electoral list quotas for women of 30 percent.
In the amended version adopted by Algeria's national assembly, the number of female MPs will be directly proportional to the number of seats in each wilaya (constituency).
The changes come as a blow to female politicians and women's rights activists.
"This law is nationally and sexually discriminatory towards women," female MP Amina Gharbi Bounab, a member of the National Liberation Front (FLN) told AFP.
With the new law, 20 percent of seats will be reserved for women in constituencies that have four seats, 30 percent for consistuencies with five seats, 35 percent for those with 14 seats or more and 40 percent for constituencies with more than 32 seats.
Algeria's diaspora will be allowed a 50 percent quota for women.
Currently only 30 out of a total 389 MPs are women.
The law also drops a key prevision that women be placed high up on electoral lists and given a percentage of all seats won.
Parties will now be able to place women at the very bottom of a list, ensuring that male MPs do not lose their seats to women, all the while respecting quota requirements.
"The president's text has been deprived of all meaning compared with the original bill," said MP Halima Lakehal, also from the FLN party.
The bill passed with an absolute majority with abstentions from 77 MPs from both the coalition Movement for Society for Peace and pro-government Labour Party.
Date created : 03/11/2011
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