Al-Jazeerah: Cross-Cultural Understanding
News, May 2011
Russia Offers to Help Mediate Gaddafi Departure
Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi faces mounting pressure to step down as NATO executed a rare daytime air strike on the capital Tripoli on Saturday, one day after Russia shifted its position on the conflict by offering to help mediate his departure.
NATO carried out a rare daytime air strike on Tripoli on Saturday after a fifth straight night of attacks, adding to military and diplomatic pressure on Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi to quit after 41 years of power.
A big boom shook the Libya capital at about 0800 GMT but it was unclear if it was caused by a bomb or missile, or what the target was. No further information was immediately available.
NATO bombed several sites in the capital on Friday night, Libyan state television and Arab news channel Al Arabiya reported. The Libyan broadcaster said NATO raids also caused “human and material” damage near Mizda, to the south.
Russia joined Western leaders on Friday in urging Gaddafi to step down and offered to mediate his departure, providing an important boost to NATO powers seeking to end his long rule.
It was a striking change in tone from Moscow, which has previously criticised the 10-week bombing of Libya. NATO intervened under a United Nations mandate to protect civilians from Gaddafi’s forces, but has effectively placed itself on the side of rebels trying to topple him in a deadlocked civil war.
“There are signs that the momentum against Gaddafi is really building. So it is right that we are ratcheting up the military, the economic and the political pressure,” British Prime Minister David Cameron said at a Group of Eight summit in France.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev said Gaddafi, who seized power in a 1969 coup, no longer had the right to lead Libya.
Russia to hold talks in Libya
“The world community does not see him as the leader of Libya,” Medvedev told reporters at the summit, adding that he was sending an envoy to Libya to begin talks. But he presented no plan to remove Gaddafi from power.
In Tripoli, Deputy Foreign Minister Khaled Kaim told a news conference the government had not been officially informed of the Russian position. “Any decision taken about the political future of Libya belongs to the Libyans, no one else,” he said.
Despite Russia’s move, there was scepticism that Gaddafi would agree to go. “Knowing his state of mind, I don’t think he is going to step down,” Arab League Secretary-General Amr Moussa said.
Previous attempts at mediation, by the African Union, Turkey and the United Nations, have foundered on Gaddafi’s refusal to leave and the insurgents’ refusal to accept anything less.
Rebel-held Misrata, Libya’s third biggest city and scene of some of the fiercest battles in the conflict, suffered a second day of heavy fighting on its western outskirts on Friday.
Doctors at Misrata’s hospital said five rebels were killed and more than a dozen wounded.
Gaddafi’s forces stepped up their attacks too on Zintan, part of a chain of mountain settlements near Libya’s border with Tunisia, where rebels have been holding off assaults for months.
The pro-rebel Libyan Youth Movement, in an open Internet letter to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, appealed for help for the people of two western towns, Yefren and Al-Gala’a, which it said had been under siege by government forces since April 3.
“Gaddafi forces have specifically targeted the Amazigh (Berber) people in these two cities, threatening to wipe out the entire population,” it said, complaining of “an epidemic of ethnic cleansing”.
The account, which could not be independently verified, said residents had no electricity and were running out of food, water and medical supplies. It said three civilians had been killed in the past day, and two had died of heart attacks in the past 48 hours.
In rebel-held eastern Libya, the administration based in Libya’s second city, Benghazi, is trying to present itself as a credible government-in-waiting.
That effort was helped on Friday when Farhad Omar Bin Guidara, Libya’s central bank governor until he left the country in February, said he was working with the rebel finance team.
Date created : 28/05/2011
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